It would be easy to dismiss the Annapurna Sanctuary as a lesser version of the the Annapurna Circuit. That would be a mistake. Although it is significantly shorter, the Sanctuary, also known as the Annapurna Base Camp trek, packs all the best of Nepal into its few short days. Or, as many as 10, if you’re not already acclimatized and feel like taking your time.
NOTE: For readers who have been following along for a while, the information in this post is substantially the same as that in my intro post on the Annapurna Circuit. New pics though!
Maps and Guidebooks
Maps of all the major treks are readily available throughout Nepal. In Kathmandu, the Thamel area (the main tourist section) is rife with bookstores and other shops stocked with numerous maps on the Annapurna Sanctuary. Shops in Pokhara and every other city you are likely to pass on the way have a similar range of maps.
Prices begin at around 400 Rupees ($4), although prices vary significantly depending on which map you choose and which city you are in. If you want to get an early start on your trek planning and don’t mind paying extra for the privilege, the map I used on my trek is available here.
The primary trekking guide for hikers in Nepal is Lonely Planet’s Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya. The book contains comprehensive descriptions of 30 major treks, including basic information on getting to and from the trailheads, hiking times to major landmarks, as wells as a bevy of interesting cultural and historical information.
The major weakness of both the Lonely Planet guide and the available maps is the lack of distance information. The book and most maps have estimates of hiking times between major trail landmarks but rarely provide distance information. The absence of absolute measures of hiking distance leads to significant uncertainty in determining hiking times.
The actual hiking times for members of my group ranged from slightly more than the suggested times on some sections to around one third of suggested time on other sections, depending on the conditions and the hiker. Absolute distances between landmarks would be much more helpful for estimating hiking times.
When to Go
The high season for trekking in the Nepal Himalaya is October through November. Although quite cold at the higher elevations, the high season has the most sunshine and the least amount of precipitation. The shoulder season can extend until May, but the high passes, including those on the Three Passes trek, are typically closed in Jan-Feb.
These are only guidelines. Keep in mind that any trip into high altitude is risky. Just days before I began my Three Passes trek in mid-October, the tail end of a massive cyclone hit the Annapurna Circuit’s Thorung La and killed over 30 people while stranding nearly 300. It is essential to be aware of the local conditions no matter when you decide to do your trek.
The weather for my trip around the circuit was excellent. We had a some slight rain early on the first day and then clear skies the rest of the way. Except for one night at Annapurna Sanctuary, the Annapurna region was noticeably warmer than the Three Passes trek.
Guides and Porters
This is a personal decision. You don’t need either a guide or porter for the Annapurna Sanctuary trek. The trail is very well traveled and easy to navigate. That said, porters and guides can make life easier by taking some weight off your shoulders and erasing even those few instances of momentary indecision about the choice of route.
The trail is reachable by bus. Most trekkers head to Pohkara, before heading to the trail. The trail typically begins at either Phedi or Nayapul, which are easily reachable in a couple hours from Pohkara.
At the other end of the trek, buses and taxis are readily available to trekkers between Nayapul/Phedi and Pokhara.
Food, Money and Accommodations
Teahouses line the entire trek so you don’t need to bring much food or equipment compared to a backcountry camping trip. The teahouses offer beds and have rudimentary kitchens that serve nearly identical menus of dal baht, noodles, rice, pasta, pizza and tea. The dal baht, despite being priced a touch higher than other entrees, is a favorite because you get a huge second serving. The extra calories are priceless after a long day on the trail.
A night in a teahouse costs anywhere from free-250 Rs ($2.50) on the condition that you eat dinner and breakfast in the teahouse. The price for a night stay can jump to as high as 1,200 Rs ($12) if you choose to bring your own food or eat in another teahouse.
I recommend bringing a sleeping bag. The nights get cold and the bedrooms are never heated. Even the common rooms on the Annapurna Circuit are not always heated. Blankets were generally available and, unlike with the Three Passes trek, usually for no charge. Bringing a few snacks to take the edge off is also advisable. Prices on food, and everything else, climb gradually as you gain altitude and can be more than double at the highest teahouses (500-700 Rs per meal compared to 200-400 at lower altitudes).
The teahouses only take Rupees so you will need to bring a significant amount of cash. I heard that budgeting $10 per day is possible, but found that $15-$20 is a more reasonable amount. ATMs are readily available in Pokhara.
Gear and Equipment
I didn’t find crampons, ropes or other technical gear necessary at any point on the trek. I went during the high season so this would clearly change under less favorable conditions.
You can get anything you need in Nepal, whether you plan to rent or buy. If you shop for trekking equipment in Nepal, beware of the knock-offs. They can be fairly convincing but the quality is poor. I’ve heard that the knock-off jackets and sleeping bags actually perform fairly well. However, after putting over a thousand miles on my beloved Merrell Trail Gloves over the last year, I opted to purchase a replacement pair of Solomon running shoes in Kathmandu before I headed out on my Three Passes trek. Despite my close inspection before purchasing, they fell apart just a couple days into the trek. Fortunately, I was able to purchase a legitimate replacement pair before they got too bad.
Permits and Fees
The Annapurna Circuit requires both a Tourist Information Management System (TIMS) card and an Annapurna Conservation Area Project permit. These are available from separate offices within the Nepal Tourism Board building in Kathmandu near Thamel. The TIMS card is issued by the Tourist Service Center (“TSC”) for 2,000 Rs ($20). The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation issues the ACAP permit for the same price.
The park entry permits are also available as you enter the parks, although prices may be higher there. A member of my group was able to get hers in Besi Sahar for 2,000 Rs. Each requires a passport-sized photo, so bring several with you when you go to get the permits. If you are planning multiple treks, you will need to buy a separate TIMS for each trek.
One of the most fascinating aspects of this trek is the interaction with the local community. The trail is covered with small mountain villages and their associated stupas, prayer flags, mani walls and prayer wheels. These elements of local culture make for an interesting trekking environment but also offer an opportunity the unaware trekker to offend. A common way this comes up is at the stupas and mani walls that often split the trail. According to local custom, walk clockwise (to the left) around any religious markers that lie on or near the trail.
Safety and Security
The treks are generally quite safe. The only significant negative experience I had on any of the my three treks occurred in Manang on the Annapurna Circuit. While staying in a teahouse, someone entered my locked room and, after searching through my bag and that of my hiking buddy, stole most of the money from my bag. From what I gather, this is a fairly unusual experience.
That’s it on the Annapurna Sanctuary. Shoot me a comment if you still have questions or think of something I missed.